How do we know that there was a group of translators and that al-Kindi was its leader? His son and successor al-Mahdi r. Kellermann-Rost ; see also Ferrari30and might be also the translator of the pseudo-Aristotelian Economics Zonta The translations of Hunayn ibn Ishaq, his son Ishaq and their associates: However, there were noteworthy exceptions: Of prominent importance are two writings lost in Greek: Diogenes the Cynic see Diogenes of Sinopeoften confused with Socrates, is represented as a key moral and ascetic figure, but of the latter Stoic philosophers such as CiceroEpictetus and Marcus Aureliusno mention is made in the classical Arabic sources.
Of the materialists, only the names of Democritus and Epicurus are mentioned. The Harranean Thabit ibn Qurra d. To these Christian centres should also be added Harran in Northern Syria, home of a sect of star-worshippers known in the Arabic sources as the Sabaeans and alleged to have been founded by Alexander the Great.
The major translators who flourished during al-Ma'mun's reign include Yahya ibn al-Bitriq, credited with translating into Arabic Plato's Timaeus, Aristotle's On the Soul, On the Heavens and Prior Analytics as well as the Secret of Secrets, an apocryphal political treatise of unknown authorship attributed to Aristotle.
Attainment of this happiness, or perfection, was said to be something divine, as Aristotle had stated in the Nicomachean Ethics. It should be noted, however, that it was thanks to the Latin translations of Ibn Rushd's commentaries that the rediscovery of Aristotle in Western Europe and the concurrent emergence of Latin Scholasticism, one of the glories of late medieval thought, were made possible.
Abu Bishr Matta translated into Arabic his commentary on the Meteorologica, in all likelihood from the Syriac version made by Hunayn ibn Ishaq. The translation of the Metaphysics is attributed to Ishaq ibn Hunayn in one of the extant manuscripts, and linguistic analysis confirms this authorship, even though the K.
In that latter respect, it had hardly any impact on political developments in Islam, but it did inspire subsequent writers on political philosophy such as Ibn Bajja. All those philosophers or commentators were known to the Arabs and some of their writings, sometimes lost in Greek, were translated into Arabic.
Far away from Baghdad, Avicenna will argue time and again against the interpretations of Aristotle advanced within the context of the Baghdad school of philosophy Pines ; Gutas Of the post-Aristotelian philosophers, Chrysippus is almost the only Stoic philosopher mentioned; Zeno of Citium is almost unknown, despite the significant influence of Stoicism both in logic and in ethics on the early philosophers and theologians.
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The early translation of the Metaphysics made for al-Kindi has come down to us;[ 30 ] the translator is the otherwise unknown Ustath. The of Pastoral Rule: Not only his sixteen books on medicine but a series of his logical and ethical writings were translated and played an important role in the development of Arabic thought.
A commentary on the De Gen. Ibn Rushd, however, produced the most extensive commentaries on all the works of Aristotle with the exception of the Politics, for which he substituted the Republic of Plato. He studied with Ammonius Saccas and was a classmate of Origenwho became a Christian.
None of those translators made any significant or original contribution to Arabic philosophical literature, although they laid the groundwork for subsequent developments and served as the chief purveyors of Greek philosophy and science into the Islamic world.
Of prominent importance are two writings lost in Greek: The first genuine system-builder in Islam, however, was al-Farabi. Other representatives of Neoplatonism during the Byzantine period include Syrianus, the teacher of Proclus, Damascius, Proclus' pupil, Simplicius and Philoponus.
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Greek philosophy: impact on Islamic philosophy During the Hellenistic period ( bc), classical Greek philosophy underwent a radical transformation. From being an essentially Greek product, it developed into a cosmopolitan and eclectic cultural movement in which Greek, Egyptian, Phoenician and other Near Eastern religious and ethical elements coalesced.Download