France was given control of southern Turkey near the Syrian borderItaly was given the Mediterranean region, and Greece was given Thrace and the Aegean coast of Turkey. A large number of women from Islamic countries including Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal and Sudan gathered in Nigeria inand took note of the dangerous consequences of such laws introduced in the name of Sharia.
For many all other modernizers in the Middle East, from Gemal Abdel Naser of Egypt to Reza Shah of Iran failed simply because they could not become Ataturk enough in one way or another.
The underlying logic in these explanations is to show the possible intentions could motivate the reforms. Now this practice had been done away with altogether, making it difficult for very religious Muslims to continue practicing their faith in the country.
The polygamy four wives allowed under the Sharia Law was also abolished. According to an estimate by Kemal Karpat, an Ottoman historian, 18 percent of the Muslim population in Anatolia was wasted in wars from to If exhausted all domestic resources, the Ottoman statesmen sought for external financial resources from foreign governments and international financial institutions to continue the reforms.
The conditions of truce were rather rigorous, moreover, the allies covenanted for clandestine partition of the territory of the Ottoman Empire Cleveland,p. It was as though my students who had been together with me in the medrese eight years previously were weeping in their graves together with me.
The adhan in Turkish had been successfully implemented until when the Democrat Party lifted the ban on the adhan in Arabic.
September 1, Arabic and Farsi classes in schools are discontinued. He was the rallying power behind the Turkish revolution to freedom. Essay UK - http: I had returned to my homeland from exile; I had supposed that I had been saved from exile. One century of Ottoman modernization, successive destructive wars, massive population displacements, and the role of the reformers in saving the country from foreign occupation brought about these two conditions, which were conducive to the successful introduction and implementation of reforms.
As a side note, it is rumored that toward the end of his life, Ataturk wanted to heal the broken-hearts of his friends, but no meeting between him and his former colleagues and then rivals materialized as far as we know. How could a woman with headscarf be a first lady in Turkey? As noted by Gotthand Jaschke, one change is a telling one.
In contrast to this dominant, excessively idealistic view of Ataturk reforms, there have been, however sporadically attempted, studies proposing alternative explanations grounded more in rationalism or in strategic circumstances of the period.
The elimination of none of the potential rivals in fact led to massive protests from the society. This treaty set the borders of modern-day Turkey. Against this background of ever-increasingly hostile international environment, uninterruptedly from the period of Mahmud II on, the Ottomans tenaciously pursued reforms by all available means in the military, the administration, state finance, education and the legal system.
This was the fundamental ideal upon which Ataturk based his sweeping reforms. Hence, the reform saved the nation, replacing the dead mother now, from the same devils.
The Rebirth of a Nation. The objection I raise in this paper is that understanding the intentions is not enough to explain the reforms. Second, the society and religious institutions emerged as fragmented and weakened as they had never been before.
Therefore, it would pay dearly to ally with the state during that period of time if you are enterprising businessmen. He supported the totalitarian political party views.
Historically first introduced, major reforms came in March of However, he differed from several rising dictators of the time in several respects.
The Turkish society had to bear the costs and consequences of five different inter-state wars in this period: Mustafa Kemal was heralded as a hero among the Turks during a war that saw few victories and many defeats for the Ottomans.
He believed that the presence of caliphate will only deter the development of the religion of Islam and not support its development. He was admired as a pioneer of national liberation. The equal rights provided by the Swiss Code covered the areas of civil as against religious marriage, divorce, custody, and inheritance.
Mustafa Kemal was outraged, as were most Turks. It was this second parliament, which declared Turkey as a republic and elected Mustafa Kemal as its president. In Saudi Arabia, women were not allowed to travel alone and drive cars until recently Mustafa Kemal was heralded as a hero among the Turks during a war that saw few victories and many defeats for the Ottomans.
There are indications that the current Government is planning to change the Turkish Constitution unilaterally. The principle of secularism was not meant to be a new notion or a new religion to replace Islam.
As the women who lived in the big cities were exposed to more western ideas, the need for schools catering to girls became more apparent. As part of his strategy, he launched a program of revolutionary social, political cultural, and judicial reforms.Free Essays; Essay writing help.
Hire a writer Get paper rewritten Editing service. Ataturk Reforms Possible The Reforms By Deng Xiaoping Economic development Economic Reforms in China Introduction Partial market reforms from the s onward allowed Chinese leaders to experiment pragmatically with various different approaches.
Ataturk and Islam Essay Ataturk and Islam According to the Holy Qur’an, Islam is the religion of all the prophets, including Abraham, the patriarch of the Holy Bible.
Need Writing Help? Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly. Turkey and the European Union Essay examples Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's reforms can be summarized as follows: Abolition of the Sultanate and Caliphate; establishment of.
Abstract: Most studies on Ataturk Reforms focus on the intentions of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Yet, the intentions alone do not explain how the.
At the forefront of this new nation’s birth was Mustafa Kemal, a man who would come to be known as Ataturk, or “Father Turk” for his contributions to the establishment and reforms of this young state. Free Essays; Essay writing help. Hire a writer Get paper rewritten Editing service. Lovely extras.
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